IIT毕业生多活跃于硅谷、华尔街,据五年前加州大学伯克利分校的一项调查显示,IIT校友占硅谷创业者的五分之一。

IIT graduates are mostly active on Silicon Valley and Wall Street, and IIT alumni make up a fifth of Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, according to a University of California, Berkeley, survey five years ago.

百度创始人、董事长兼CEO李彦宏作为受邀嘉宾出席了科技节最知名的“SpotlightLectureSeries”活动,并发表了题为“人工智能时代的创新”的演讲,聊了聊他眼中的未来10年。

Li Yanhong, founder, chairman and CEO of Baidu, attended the festival's best-known \"SpotlightLecture Series\" event as an invited guest and gave a speech entitled \"Innovation in the Age of Artificial Intelligence\" to talk about the next 10 years in his eyes.

活动当天,李彦宏还遇到了一枚“小粉丝”——这位台下最小的观众主动上台找李彦宏签名,大型“追星”现场让大家忍不住鼓掌。

On the day of the event, Li Yanhong also met a \"small fan \"- the smallest audience on stage to take the stage to find Li Yanhong's signature, the large\" star pursuit \"scene so that everyone cannot help applauding.

Goodafternooneveryone.It’ssogreattoseeyouallcometomytalktodayonaSaturdayafternoon.IheardpeoplewhocannotgetintoIITgotoMIT.Iknowwhytodaybecauseyouaresoeagertolearnnewthings.

Good after all. ssogreattoseeyouallcometomytalktodayonaSaturdayafternoon.IheardpeoplewhocannotgetintoIITgotoMIT.Iknowwhytodaybecauseyouaresoeagertolearnnewthings.

各位下午好,很高兴大家在这个周六的下午来参加我的讲座。我听说没有进入印度理工学院的人才最后去了麻省理工学院,今天我明白了,这是因为在座的各位对探索新知是那么的渴求。

Good afternoon, everyone. I'm glad you all came to my lecture this Saturday afternoon. I've heard that people who haven't entered the Indian Institute of Technology ended up at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and today I understand that this is because everyone here is so hungry for new knowledge.

BeforeItalkaboutAI,Iwouldliketogooverwithyouwhat’shappenedtotheinternetaftersmartphones.Or,howhasmobilechangedtheinternet?Ofcourse,thisisprettymuchaChinaperspectivebecauseIguessmostofyouaremorefamiliarwiththeUSlandscape,butChinaisslightlydifferentbecausewehavearelativelyindependentecosysteminmobile.

BeforeItalkaboutAI,Iwouldliketogooverwithyouwhat'shappenedtotheinternetaftersmartphones.Or,howhasmobilechangedtheinternet? Ofcourse,thisisprettymuchaChinaperspectivebecauseIguessmostofyouaremorefamiliarwiththeUSlandscape,butChinaisslightlydifferentbecausewehavearelativelyindependentecosysteminmobile.

在谈AI之前,我想和大家回顾一下智能手机诞生之后互联网的演变,或者说移动时代是如何改变互联网的。当然,在座的各位可能对美国的情况比较熟悉,我将主要从中国的角度进行回顾。中国的情况与美国有些不同,因为我们拥有相对独立的移动互联网生态系统。

Before talking about AI, I'd like to review the evolution of the Internet after the advent of smartphones, or how the mobile age changed the Internet. Of course, you may be familiar with the situation in the United States, and I will review it mainly from the perspective of China. The situation in China is somewhat different from that in the United States because we have a relatively independent mobile Internet ecosystem.

Thefirstchangeisappsbecomingisolatedislands.Whatthatmeansisthattherearequiteanumberoflargeappsthatarewrappedaroundisolated(islands)-thecontents,theservicesarenotsoeasilyaccessiblebysearchenginesorthird-partyprograms.Weseethatasatrendthatmoreandmoreappsaredoingthingsindependentlyinsteadofrelyingonasearchengine.

首先,应用程序正在变成一座座孤岛。也就是说,很多大型APP已经成为相互孤立的状态,它们的内容和服务无法通过搜索引擎或第三方程序方便获取。我们认为这是一种趋势。越来越多的应用程序开始独立运行,不再依赖搜索引擎。

First, the app is becoming an island. That is, many large apps have become isolated from each other, and their content and services cannot be easily obtained through search engines or third-party programs. We think this is a trend. More and more applications are starting to run independently, no longer relying on search engines.

Andthesecondisthatcontentislinkedtoanauthor.WhatthatmeansisinthePCera,weprettymuchinteractedwithwebsitesorwebpages.Weknowthere’sawebmasterbehindthewebsitebutweprobablyneverthinkaboutdirectlycommunicatingwiththewebmaster.Butintheageofmobile,contentiscloselylinkedtoauthors,especiallyonsocialmedia.

Andthesecondisthatcontentislinkedtoanauthor.WhatthatmeansisinthePCera,weprettymuchinteractedwithwebsitesorwebpages.Weknowthere'sawebmasterbehindthewebsitebutweprobablyneverthinkaboutdirectlycommunicatingwiththewebmaster.Butintheageofmobile,contentiscloselylinkedtoauthors,especiallyonsocialmedia.

其次,内容开始直接与作者相连。在个人电脑时代,我们的互动对象主要是网站或网页,我们知道网页的背后是网络管理员、站长,但我们可能从没想过直接和网络管理员进行交流。但是,在移动时代(尤其在社交网络上),所有内容经常会直接与作者紧密相连。

Secondly, the content begins to be directly linked to the author. In the age of personal computers, our interaction is mainly with websites or web pages, we know that the web page is behind the network administrator, webmaster, but we may never have thought of communicating directly with network administrators. However, in the mobile age (especially on social networks), all content is often directly linked to the author.

Andeventoday,especiallyinChina,newsfeeds,orcontentfeeds,areverypopular.Whenyousearchforthings,notonly(will)youfindtherelevantcontent,it’seasyforyoutofindtheauthorbehindthecontent.Sotoday,whenyoufindtherelevantcontentyoucanaskquestionsandmostlikelythatauthorwilldirectlyrespondtoyourquestions.Thisisincreasinglythecaseformobileinternet.

Andeventoday,especiallyinChina,newsfeeds,orcontentfeeds,areverypopular.Whenyousearchforthings,notonly (will) you find that there is a difference, it's seasyforyoutofindtheauthorbehindthecontent.Sotoday,whenyoufindtherelevantcontentyoucanaskquestionsandmostlikelythatauthorwilldirectlyrespondtoyourquestions.Thisisincreasinglythecaseformobileinternet.

现如今,尤其是在中国,新闻推送或内容推送都非常流行。用户进行搜索时,不仅能查找到相关内容,还能方便地找到该内容的作者。在查找到相关内容后,用户可以提问题,而作者很可能直接回应用户的问题。在移动互联网时代,这种情况越来越普遍。

Nowadays, news push or content push is very popular, especially in China. When searching, users cannot only find the relevant content, but also find the author of the content conveniently. After finding the relevant content, the user can ask questions, and the author is likely to respond directly to the user's questions. In the era of mobile Internet, this situation is becoming more and more common.

Andthethirdoneisvideo.Videoisbecomingthemainformofcontent.Weusedtoseetext,thenmoreandmoreimagesbecameavailableontheinternet,andtodayvideohasbecomethemostimportantformofcontentontheinternet.People’smindsetsarealsochangingtowardvideocontent.

Andthethirdoneisvideo.Videoisbecomingthemainformofcontent.Weusedtoseetext,thenmoreandmoreimagesbecameavailableontheinternet,andtodayvideohasbecomethemostimportantformofcontentontheinternet.People'smindsetsarealsochangingtowardvideocontent.

第三是视频的兴起。视频正在成为主要的内容形式。在互联网上,我们最初看到的是文字,后来看到越来越多的图片。当前,视频已经成为互联网上最重要的内容形式。人们对视频内容的心态也在发生变化。

The third is the rise of video. video is becoming the main content form. On the Internet, we first saw words, and then we saw more and more pictures. Nowadays, video has become the most important content form on the Internet. People's mentality about video content is also changing.

Today,ifyousearchfor,let’ssay,thegeneralrelativitytheory,youprobablywouldimaginethataWikipediaentrywouldcomeupasthefirstresult.InthecaseofBaidu,aBaiduencyclopediaentrywouldcomeupasthefirstresult.Butifyouthinkaboutit,avideoclip,videocontent,couldbeabetteranswerforthisquerybecausewecanprobablyfindaverygoodtalker,verygoodteacher,totalkabouttherelativitytheoryinagoodway,veryeasy-to-understandway.

Today, verify for, ssay,thegeneralrelativitytheory,youprobablywouldimaginethataWikipediaentrywouldcomeupasthefirstresult.InthecaseofBaidu,aBaiduencyclopediaentrywouldcomeupasthefirstresult.Butifyouthinkaboutit,avideoclip,videocontent,couldbeabetteranswerforthisquerybecausewecanprobablyfindaverygoodtalker,verygoodteacher,totalkabouttherelativitytheoryinagoodway,veryeasy - to - understand.

比如说,如果你搜索广义相对论,你看到的第一条搜索结果可能是维基百科条目。如果以百度为例,那百度百科将会是第一条搜索结果。但请设想一下,一个视频片段或视频形式的内容,可能会是这项查询结果更好的答案。因为我们能找到一个很好的叙述者、很好的老师去用非常简单易懂的形式阐述什么是相对论。

For example, if you search for general relativity, the first search you see may be a wikipedia entry. If you take Baidu as an example, then Baidu Encyclopedia will be the first search results. But imagine a video clip or video form of content that might be a better answer to this query. Because we can find a very good narrator, a very good teacher to use a very easy-to-understand form to explain what relativity is.

Youfeelyou’reconnectedtotheteacher,tothepersonwhocreatedthatcontent,insteadofjusthardtext.Thiskindoftheoryisrelativelyhardtounderstand.Andvideoprovidesalowerbarriertoentryforthiskindofknowledgeandcontent.

s reconnectedtotheteacher,tothepersonwhocreatedthatcontent,insteadofjusthardtext.Thiskindoftheoryisrelativelyhardtounderstand.Andvideoprovidesalowerbarriertoentryforthiskindofknowledgeandcontent.

在这种形式下,你能感觉到自己和这位老师、这位讲述者是相连的,而不只是面对一些单一的文字。像相对论这样的理论是比较难以理解的,而视频则降低了此类知识与内容的获得门槛。

In this form, you can feel yourself connected to the teacher, the speaker, not just facing a single text. Theories like relativity are hard to understand, while video reduces the threshold for such knowledge and content.

We’realsoseeinganumberoftrends.Thefirstisthatthefirstresultistypicallytherightanswer.Rightnowabout60%ofqueriesareansweredbythefirstresult.

s realsoseeinganumberoftrends.Thefirstisthatthefirstresultistypicallytherightanswer.Rightnowabout60% ofqueriesareansweredbythefirstresult.

So,weareincreasinglygivingdirectanswersinsteadofaverylargenumberoflinksfortheuserstofindtherightanswer.AndIbelievethiskindofscenariowillbecomemoreandmorepopular,or,anincreasingnumberofquerieswillbeanswereddirectlybythefirstresultorbyaparagraphofcontent.

有越来越多的搜索将直接得到答案,而不是像过去,给用户大量链接让他们自己去寻找正确答案。我相信这种情况会越来越普遍,也就是说用首条搜索结果或一段内容就能直接解决搜索问题的情况将更多。

More and more searches will get answers directly, rather than, as in the past, giving users lots of links to find the right answers themselves. I'm sure this will become more common, meaning that using the first search result or piece of content to solve the search problem directly will be more common.

Sorightnowit'slike60%,itwillgoto70%,80%,oreven90%.Soincreasinglyyourquerywillbeanswereddirectlyinsteadofgoingthroughalistofwebsitesorlinks.Because,ifyouthinkaboutthesearchproblem,it'sessentiallyanAIproblem.

目前的首条满足率是60%,之后将上升至70%、80%甚至90%。人们将更容易直接得到正确答案,而不再需要点击不同的链接、浏览不同的网页。因为搜索问题本质上是一个人工智能的问题。

The first satisfaction rate is now 60%, which will rise to 70%,80% or even 90%. It will be easier for people to get the right answers directly and no longer need to click on different links and browse different web pages. Because the search problem is essentially an artificial intelligence problem.

Although,20,25yearsago,whensearchenginesbecamepopular,thetechnologybehindithadnothingtodowithAI.ButsearchisessentiallyanAIproblembecauseyoubasically,humans,expresstheirrequest,theirinterest,intheformofqueriesortext,thenweusecomputerstoguesswhatthathumanorwhatusermeans,thencomeupwiththerelevantanswer.AndifyouthinkaboutAI,that'sprettymuchthedefinitionofAI,lettingcomputersunderstandhumansandservehumans.

在20、25年前,当搜索引擎刚刚开始流行起来的时候,背后的技术与人工智能毫无关系。现在之所以说搜索本质上是一个人工智能的问题,原因就在于,当人们用文字、问题提出请求或者表达兴趣的时候,计算机会推测人类或用户的意图,从而提供相关答案。而这就是人工智能的本质,即让计算机了解人类、服务人类。

Back technologies had nothing to do with artificial intelligence 20 or 25 years ago when search engines were just beginning to catch on. The reason why search is essentially an artificial intelligence problem now is that when people use words, questions, requests, or expressions of interest, computing opportunities speculate on the intentions of humans or users, thus providing answers. And this is the essence of artificial intelligence, that is, let the computer understand human beings, serve human beings.

SosolvingthesearchproblemisprettymuchlikesolvingthegeneralAIproblem.Itisahardproblem,butwearegettingcloserandcloser.

所以说,解决搜索问题实际上更像是解决一个普遍的人工智能问题。这是一个很大的挑战,但我们离目标越来越近了。

So solving the search problem is actually more like solving a universal AI problem. It's a big challenge, but we're getting closer to the goal.

Thensecond,contentfeedblendswithsearchresults.Whatthatmeans-giventhatinalotofcases,inmostcases,thefirstresultistherightanswer,orwecandirectlyansweryourquestionwithouthavingyougothroughalargenumberoflinks,sotherestofthelinksbecomesredundant.

其次,内容推送与搜索结果之间的界限日趋模糊。也就是说,在大多数情况下,一个搜索结果就可以解决你的搜索问题,你不再需要翻看其他链接的时候,这些链接也就成了多余信息。

Secondly, the boundary between content push and search results is becoming increasingly blurred. In other words, in most cases, a search result can solve your search problem, and when you no longer need to look at other links, these links become redundant information.

Weactuallydon'tneedtogiveyoualotofredundantcontent.Soonceyourqueryisanswered,whatwewouldliketogiveyouisknowledgerelatedtothattopic,butnotdirectlyonthattopic.

实际上,我们也不需要提供多余信息。一旦你提出的问题已经有了答案,我们会更愿意提供与你搜索的话题相关的其他知识,而不需要与你的问题直接相关。

In fact, we do not need to provide redundant information. Once your questions have been answered, we would prefer to provide additional knowledge relevant to the topic you are searching for without having to be directly relevant to your questions.

Forexample,ifyousearchforVanGogh,andthefirstresultisaboutthegeneralintroductionofVanGogh,thenthesecondonecanbeageneralintroductionaboutMonet.Itdoesn’thavetohavethewordVanGoghinit.Onceyourquestionisanswered,wecanexpandthecontentbasedonyourinterest,notnecessarilyrelatedtoyourquery,basedonourunderstandingofyourinterests,ofyouasauser.

Forexample,ifyousearchforVanGogh,andthefirstresultisaboutthegeneralintroductionofVanGogh,thenthesecondonecanbeageneralintroductionaboutMonet.Itdoesn' thavetohavethewordVanGoghinit.Onceyourquestionisanswered,wecanexpandthecontentbasedonyourinterest,notnecessarilyrelatedtoyourquery,basedonourunderstandingofyourinterests,ofyouasauser.

比如说你搜索梵高,首条结果是对他的概述,那么第二条可能就是对莫奈的简要介绍。这个结果并不一定需要包含梵高两个字。所以,一旦你提出的问题得到解答,我们就会基于你的兴趣扩展你搜索得到的内容。不需要与你的问题直接相关,而是根据我们对你的兴趣的理解来提供内容。

For example, if you search for van Gogh, the first result is an overview of him, and the second may be a brief introduction to Monet. This result does not necessarily need to contain the word van Gogh. So, once your questions are answered, we'll expand what you're searching for based on your interests. not need to be directly related to your problem, but to provide the content based on our understanding of your interest.

Intheageofmobile,weactuallyknowalotmoreaboutourusersthanthePCera,sowecanactuallyextendtheuser'sinterestsalot.Wecangivethemmoreandletusersspendmoretime.

在移动互联网时代,我们对用户的了解远比在个人电脑时代丰富的多。正因如此,我们才能真正做到扩大对用户兴趣的了解。我们给的内容越多,用户花费的时间也就越多。

In the age of mobile Internet, we know much more about users than in the age of personal computers. That's why we can really expand our understanding of user interests. The more content we give, the more time users spend.

InChina,onaverageeveryuserspendsaboutfivehoursonthemobilephone(perday)andthat'sstillincreasing.Peoplespendmoreandmoretime,andforsearch,wecandirectlyanswerusers'queriesinoneshot,sowearegivingmoreandmorerelevantcontenttoourusers.

在中国,人均每天使用手机的时间大约是五个小时,这个数字还在不断增加。那么就搜索而言,如果我们可以直接满足搜索要求,人们花费的时间越多,就意味着我们正为客户提供越来越多的与之相关的内容。

The number of mobile phone users per person in China is increasing at about five hours a day. As far as search is concerned, if we can directly meet the search requirements, the more time people spend, the more we are providing customers with more and more relevant content.

Thenthethird,Ithinkmanyofyoualreadyhavethiskindofexperience,thecameraandmicrophonebecomethenewkeyboard.Youdon'thavetoexpressyourinterestintextonly,youcanexpressyourinterestinspeech,inimages,orinvideo.Ifyouareinterestedinacertainplantandwonderwhatthenameis,youcanjustuseyourcameraandpointtothatfloweranditwilltellyou.ThishasincreasinglybecomeaccuratebecauseofAI.

第三,我想在座的很多人已经有了这样的体验,相机和麦克风已经成了新的键盘。未来搜索将不仅限于文字,用户还可以用语音、图像或者视频来表达意图。比如你对某个植物感到好奇,不知道它叫什么,那么对它拍个照就会有答案。人工智能使这样的搜索结果变得越来越精确。

Third, I think a lot of the people here have had the experience that cameras and microphones have become new keyboards. Future search will not be limited to text, users can use voice, image or video to express intentions. If you are curious about a plant and don't know its name, take a picture of it and have an answer. Artificial intelligence makes such search results more and more accurate.

Soifwehavetolookbackforthepast10years,aswejustentered2020,Ithinkifweneedtoputalabelontheeconomy,Iwouldcallittheinterneteconomy,becauseinternetchangedourlives,changedalotofthingsoverthepast10years.

我们已经步入2020年,回望过去十年,如果要给这一时期的世界经济添加一个标签的话,我认为这个标签应该是互联网经济,因为这十年间,互联网改变了我们的生活,改变了很多东西。

We have entered 2020, looking back on the past decade, if we want to add a label to the world economy in this period, I think this label should be the Internet economy, because in this decade, the Internet has changed our lives and changed a lot of things.

Internetchangedentertainment.TenyearsagomostofusspentalotoftimewatchingTV.Today,Iwasataforumacoupleofweeksago,it'saboutthissize,about400people.AndIasked,whoofyouwatchedTVlastnight,andnoneofthemraisedtheirhand.

在上一个十年,我们大多数人会花很多时间看电视。两周前,我出席了一个论坛,规模跟今天差不多,约有400人在场。当我问道“有没有人昨晚看电视了”,没有一个人举手。

In the last decade, most of us would spend a lot of time watching TV. Two weeks ago, I attended a forum about the same size as today, with about 400 people present. When I asked,\" Did anyone watch TV last night,\" no one raised their hands.

Todaytheyspend,youknow,fivehoursplayinggamesorwatchingshortvideosjustusingtheirmobilephone.Theydon'twatchTVanymore.Sotheinternetfundamentallychangedthewaypeopleentertainthemselves.But,goingforward,Ithinkweareenteringanewage,theageofAI.So,thecharacteristicsoftheeconomywillalsochange.

今天,人们会用手机玩几个小时的游戏或者看几个小时的短视频,但根本不会去看电视。也就是说,互联网从根本上改变了人们的娱乐方式。但是,展望未来,我认为我们正在进入一个新的时代——人工智能时代,而世界经济的特征也将随之发生变化。

Today, people will play games on their mobile phones for hours or watch short videos for hours, but they won't go to TV at all. That is, the Internet has fundamentally changed the way people entertain. But looking to the future, I think we are entering a new era, the age of artificial intelligence, and the characteristics of the world economy will change with it.

Sointhecomingdecade,Iwouldlabelitas“intelligenteconomy”.Whatdoesthatmean,isthatifwecanseethatinternetchangedthewayweconsume,orinternetchangedthewayweentertainourselves,theintelligenteconomywillchangethewayweproduce.Itwillsignificantlyimproveproductivityforhumans.

Sointhecomingdecade,Iwouldlabelitas\"intelligenteconomy\".Whatdoesthatmean,isthatifwecanseethatinternetchangedthewayweconsume,orinternetchangedthewayweentertainourselves,theintelligenteconomywillchangethewayweproduce.Itwillsignificantlyimproveproductivityforhumans.

未来十年,智能经济将成为世界经济的新标签。如果说互联网改变了我们的消费方式、娱乐方式,那么智能经济将改变我们的生产方式,将大大提高人类的生产力。

In the next decade, the smart economy will become a new label for the world economy. If the Internet has changed the way we consume, the way we entertain, then the intelligent economy will change the way we produce, and will greatly increase the productivity of human beings.

TherearealsothreelayersI'dliketogothrough.Thefirstoneisthenewmodeofhuman-machineinteraction,thesecondoneishowAItransformsindustryafterindustry,andthelastoneI'dliketotalkaboutistheinfrastructureforAI.

这一点也可以分成三个方面来讲解。首先是全新的人机交互模式,其次是人工智能将变革各行各业,最后是人工智能基础设施。

This can also be explained in three ways. The first is a new human-computer interaction model, followed by artificial intelligence will transform a variety of industries, and finally artificial intelligence infrastructure.

Thenewhuman-computerinteraction.Ithinkmanyofyoualreadyhavethiskindofexperience.Today,newcarssoldonthemarketareallconnectedcars,meaningthattheyareconnectedtotheinternet.Whenyougetintoacar,youhaveascreen(thatis)biggerandbetterthanyourmobilephonescreen.Youhavemoreexpensivemicrophones,youhavecameras,allkindsofsensorsinthecar,soessentiallywhenyougetintothecar,youdon'tneedtouseyourmobilephoneanymore.

我想在座很多人已经体验过人机交互的新模式。当前市场上销售的新车都是互联汽车,都是连接互联网的车。进入车内,你会看到一个比手机更大、更好的屏幕。车内配备了更昂贵的麦克风、摄像头、以及各种类型的传感器。因此从本质上讲,当你进入车内之后,就不再需要使用手机了。

I think many of you here have already experienced new patterns of human-computer interaction. The new cars currently on the market are all connected cars, all connected to the Internet. Enter the car and you'll see a bigger, better screen than a phone. The car is equipped with more expensive microphones, cameras, and various types of sensors. So essentially, when you're in the car, you don't need to use your phone anymore.

Soyoucanseethatit'sprettymuchallvoicecontrolled.Itconnectswithallkindsofcarservices,content,anditrespondsonacontinuousbasis.Youdon'thavetousewakewordseverythisisanexperiencethat'salreadyonthemarkettoday.

正如在视频中见到的,这几乎都是语音控制的。车内各种服务、内容都具备语音控制功能,并且可以连续响应。在这种情况下,我们不必每次都要使用唤醒词,现在上市的汽车已经具备这一功能。

As seen in the video, it's almost all voice-controlled. All kinds of services and contents in the vehicle have voice control function, and can respond continuously. In this case, we don't have to use wake-up words every time, and now the cars on the market already have this function.

Sowhenyouhaveasmartdisplayathomelikethis,chancesarethatyouwilluseyourmobilephoneless.Ifyouwanttoknowtheweathertomorrow,youaskthiskindofsmartdisplayanditwillansweryoudirectly.Butifyouwanttogettheweatherreportfromyourmobilephone,youtypicallyneedtopulloutyourmobilephonefromyourpocket,unlockit,findtherightapp,andtypeinthedestination.Itrequiresalotofsteps.

所以,当家里有这样一台智能屏时,我们就有可能不再那么依赖手机了。假如想知道明天的天气,我们只要对智能屏问一句,它就可以立刻回答。但是如果要通过手机知道,我们通常需要从兜里掏出它,解锁,打开APP,输入相应的关键词……需要很多很多步骤。

So when there's such a smart screen at home, it's possible that we're less reliant on mobile phones. If we want to know the weather tomorrow, we just have to ask the smart screen a question, it can answer immediately. But if we want to know through the phone, we usually need to take it out of the pocket, unlock it, open the app, and enter the corresponding key words... Many steps are needed.

Butforavoice-firstdevicelikethis,it'smuchmoredirectandmoreconvenient.Thebarriertoentryisalsolower.Youdon'tevenneedtobeliterate.Youusetalkanditwillgetyoutheanswer.

但是对于这样的语音设备,它更直接、更方便,使用门槛也更低。我们甚至不需要识字,只需要说出问题,它就能给出答案。

But for such a voice device, it is more direct and convenient, and the threshold for use is lower. We don't even need to read, just say the question and it gives the answer.

Sobecauseofthis,forthepast10years,wehumansareincreasinglydependentonmobilephones.Iwouldsayoverthenext10yearswewillbelessdependentonthemobilephone,lessandless,becausewhereveryougo,therearesurroundingsensors,thereareinfrastructure,thatcanansweryourquestion,thatcanserveyou.Soyoudon'thavetopulloutyourmobilephoneeverytime.ThisisthepowerofAI.

正因为如此,在过去十年里,我们越来越依赖手机,而对于未来十年,我有一个判断:我们对手机依赖程度会逐步地降低。因为无论走到哪里,我们周围都有传感器,有基础设施,它们可以回答我们的问题,为我们服务,所以我们不必每次都掏出手机。这就是人工智能的力量。

Because of this, in the past decade, we have become increasingly dependent on mobile phones, and for the next decade, I have a judgment that our dependence on mobile phones will gradually decrease. Because wherever we go, there are sensors around us, there are infrastructure, they can answer our questions and serve us, so we don't have to pull out our cell phones every time. This is the power of artificial intelligence.

Inproduction,wealsohavethiskindofnewhuman-machineinteraction.Wecallit"digitalperson".It'sessentiallyavirtualassistantintheformofhuman,anddoingthingsthatcompleteyourtask,likethis:

在生产中,也存在这种新型的人机交互模式——我们称之为“数字人”。它本质上是一个人型虚拟助手,能够帮助我们完成任务。例如:

In production, there is also this new type of human-computer interaction mode - we call it \"digital person \". It's essentially a human virtual assistant that can help us get things done. For example:

Whyisthisuseful?Inthiscase,we’reusingitforbankservices.Alotofbankscannotaffordtoopenallkindsofdifferentbranchesinmanycities.It'sveryexpensivetorentthatkindofrealestateandhirelotsofpeople.Butwecanestablishthiskindofvirtualassistant,ifyouwanttoopenabankaccountorifyouwanttoborrowmoney,oranykindofbankservicesthatrequirehumanassistance,youcandothatthroughthiskindofvirtualassistant.

Why is his useful? In this case, we're reusingitforbankservices.Alotofbankscannotaffordtoopenallkindsofdifferentbranchesinmanycities.It'sveryexpensivetorentthatkindofrealestateandhirelotsofpeople.Butwecanestablishthiskindofvirtualassistant,ifyouwanttoopenabankaccountorifyouwanttoborrowmoney,oranykindofbankservicesthatrequirehumanassistance,youcandothatthroughthiskindofvirtualassistant.

为什么这是有用的?在这个案例中,我们将其应用到银行服务中。很多银行都无力在各大城市开设分行,因为租金以及雇用大量人员的成本太高。但是,如果用户想要开设一个银行帐户,或者想要借钱,或者任何需要人工协助的银行服务,我们都可以通过这种虚拟助手来实现。

Why is it useful? In this case, we apply it to banking services. Many banks are unable to open branches in major cities because of the high cost of renting and hiring large numbers of people. However, if users want to open a bank account, or want to borrow money, or any bank service that requires human assistance, we can do it through this virtual assistant.

Andwefoundthatpeople,users,feelmorecomfortabletodealwithavirtualpersonthanarealperson.Sonotonlydoesitsavemoney,savespace,italsobecomesmoreuser-friendly.Youdon'thaveanypressure.Youcansaywhateveryouwantanddowhateveryouwant.

而且我们发现,与真实的人相比,用户与虚拟人打交道时感觉更舒服。这样不仅节省资金,节省空间,而且也更加人性化。在虚拟人面前,我们没有任何压力:可以没有顾虑地交谈,做任何想做的事。

And we find that users are more comfortable with virtual people than with real people. This not only saves money, saves space, but also becomes more humane. In front of virtual people, we don't have any pressure: we can talk without thinking and do whatever we want to do.

Soallofthesearechangingthewayweinteractwithcomputersormachines.AndAIisalsotransformingalotofindustries,inthesenseofhigherefficiencyandlowerrisk.Letmegothroughacoupleofthem.

所有这些都在改变着我们的人机交互模式。人工智能还在为许多行业带来变革,提高效率降低风险,让我们来看几个例子。

All this is changing our human-computer interaction patterns. Artificial intelligence is still bringing change to many industries, improving efficiency and reducing risk, let's look at a few examples.

Customerservice.You’veseenthevirtualassistantcaseforbanking,butinmanyotherindustries,customerservicecanbetransformedbyAI.We'vebeenworkingwithanumberoftelecomoperatorstoassisttheircustomerserviceusingvirtualassistants.YouknowinChina,IthinkinIndiatoo,atypicaltelecomoperatorhaslike100differentplans.Whenacustomercallsin,thecustomerservicepeoplecantypicallyrecommendaplanthatissuitableforthatperson.

Customer service.'you' veseenthevirtualassistantcaseforbanking,butinmanyotherindustries,customerservicecanbetransformedbyAI.We' vebeenworkingwithanumberoftelecomoperatorstoassisttheircustomerserviceusingvirtualassistants.YouknowinChina,IthinkinIndiatoo,atypicaltelecomoperatorhaslike100differentplans.Whenacustomercallsin,thecustomerservicepeoplecantypicallyrecommendaplanthatissuitableforthatperson.

Buthowdoyoufigureoutwhat'sthebestplanforthatuserinoneortwominutes?It'sverychallengingforarealperson.Butforavirtualassistant,it'sactuallyveryeasyandquick,andwecanusethiskindofvirtualassistanttodoamuchmoreefficientcustomerservice.That'sforthetelecomindustry,andformanyotherindustrieswecanalsofindsimilarcases.

Foreducation,it’sasimilarthing.Wecancomeupwithapersonaltutor,personalassistant,tohelpstudentstolearnnewthings.Whenthestudenthasanykindofquestionsorproblems,weusethiskindofvirtualassistanttohelpwalkthroughallkindsofknowledgepointsandhelpthestudentslearn.

Education, it's sasimilarthing.Wecancomeupwithapersonaltutor,personalassistant,tohelpstudentstolearnnewthings.Whenthestudenthasanykindofquestionsorproblems,weusethiskindofvirtualassistanttohelpwalkthroughallkindsofknowledgepointsandhelpthestudentslearn.

教育也是一样。我们可以找一位私人导师,或私人助教来帮助学生学习新知识。当学生有任何问题或疑问时,我们都可以通过虚拟助手来帮助学生梳理各种知识点,促进学生学习。

Education is the same. We can find a private tutor, or a private teaching assistant, to help students learn new knowledge. When students have any questions or questions, we can help students to sort out all kinds of knowledge points and promote students to learn through virtual assistants.

Also,forthepharmaceuticalindustry,AIwillacceleratethepaceofdrugdiscovery.Weseealotofstartupsdoingthis.UsingAI,youcancomeupwithallkindsofdifferentcombinationsofmoleculesasdrugtargets.Soyoucanveryquicklygeneratealotofpotentialdrugtargetsandletthebiologists,thescientists,tosiftthroughandvalidatethosedrugtargets.

同样对于制药行业,人工智能将加快药物研发的步伐。我们看到,已经有很多初创公司都在这样做了。通过人工智能,我们可以提出各种不同的分子组合作为药物靶标,然后非常迅速地生成很多潜在的药物靶标,并让生物学家和科学家筛选和验证这些药物靶标。

Also for the pharmaceutical industry, AI will accelerate the pace of drug development. We've seen a lot of start-ups do that already. with artificial intelligence, we can propose a variety of different combinations of molecules as drug targets, and then generate many potential drug targets very quickly, and let biologists and scientists screen and validate these drug targets.

AIistransformingtransportation.ThisisaverybigdealinChinabecauseinChinawehavebuiltalotoftransport-relatedinfrastructure:highways,metros,overpasses.Itcostsalotofmoney.Butthesoftwarelayerofthetransportationhasnotbeenimprovedmuch.IntheageofAI,wethinkthat'sgoingtochangedramatically.Thisisavideoshowingyouthat.

此外,人工智能也在改变着交通方式。这在中国是一件大事,因为在中国,我们已经建造了许多交通基础设施,如高速公路、地铁、立交桥等,这花费巨大。但是,交通运输的软件层面没有太大的改进。在人工智能时代,我们认为这将发生巨大变化。

In addition, artificial intelligence is also changing the way of transportation. This is a big deal in China, because in China, we have built a lot of transportation infrastructure, such as highways, subways, overpasses and so on, which is expensive. However, the software level of transportation is not much improved. In the age of artificial intelligence, we think this will change dramatically.

Thisistheso-calledV2X,vehicletoeverything,especiallyV2I,orvehicletoinfrastructure.Theroadsideunitswillcommunicatewithcarstoimprovetheefficiencyoftransportation,avoidblindpointsontheroad,assistself-driving,manageparking.

这就是所谓的V2X,vehicletoeverything,尤其是V2I,vehicletoinfrastructure,车路协同。路侧设备将与车辆进行通讯,以提高交通效率、避免道路盲点、协助自动驾驶、管理泊车等等。

This is the so-called V2X, vehicletoe everything, especially V2I, vehicletoinfrastructure, car-road synergy. Roadside equipment will communicate with vehicles to improve traffic efficiency, avoid road blind spots, assist in self-driving, manage parking and so on.

Apolloisanopensourceplatformforautomateddriving.Butit'snotjustfordriving,Ithinkit'sforthewholetransportationsystem.It'sgoingtotakemanymoreyearsforfullyautonomouscarstobeavailableeverywhere.ButbeforethatwecanalreadyuseAItosignificantlyimprovetransportation.

Apollo是一个自动驾驶开源平台。但我认为,它不仅仅可用于驾驶,还可以用于整个交通系统。就目前的情况看来,要让全自动驾驶汽车在世界各地普及,还需要很长时间。但在那之前,我们可以用人工智能来显著改善当下的交通状况。

Apollo is a self-driving open source platform. But I think it can be used not only for driving, but also for the whole transportation system. In the present case, it will take a long time for fully self-driving cars to spread around the world. But until then, we can use artificial intelligence to significantly improve current traffic conditions.

Today,everyyear,morethanamillionpeoplegetkilledincaraccidents.WethinkusingAIwecansignificantlyreducethefatalityrateforthat.UsingAI,ifyoutakeoverthetrafficlightsyoucaninrealtimegetasenseofhowmanycarsarethere,whichdirectionaretheydriving,andatwhatspeed,andyoucanintelligentlyremindcarsthatareatriskusingtheroadsidesensors.Youcanalsoinrealtimeadjustthetrafficlighttimesothatthewholecityworksinaharmoniousway,thatthedelaywillbesignificantlyreduced.

每一年,都有超过一百万的人在交通事故中丧生。我们认为,人工智能可以大大降低由交通事故引发的死亡。比如在交通信号灯处使用人工智能,可以实时了解路口有多少车辆,以及它们的行驶方向和速度,并且可以通过路边传感器实现对危险车辆的智能提醒。此外,人工智能还可以实时调整交通信号灯的时间,使整个城市的交通更加和谐,从而大大减少交通延误。

Every year, more than a million people die in traffic accidents. We believe that artificial intelligence can greatly reduce the death caused by traffic accidents. For example, using artificial intelligence at traffic lights can tell how many vehicles there are at junctions in real time, and their driving direction and speed, and can realize the intelligent warning of dangerous vehicles through roadside sensors. In addition, artificial intelligence can adjust the time of traffic signal lights in real time to make the traffic of the whole city more harmonious, thus greatly reducing the traffic delay.

InaChinesecitycalledBaodingwetookoveralmostallthetrafficlightsinthatcityandwewereabletoreducethewaittimeby20%to30%duringpeakhours,soreducetrafficdelaysby20%to30%.

在中国保定,我们的人工智能系统几乎运用到这座城市的所有交通信号灯。在高峰时段我们可以将路口等待时间缩短20%到30%,从而减少了20%到30%的交通延误。

In Baoding, China, our artificial intelligence system applies to almost all traffic lights in the city. During the rush hour, we can reduce the waiting time at the junction by 20% to 30%, thus reducing the traffic delay by 20% to 30%.

Nowlet'stalkabouttheinfrastructure.Weknowthatinfrastructureisveryimportant.HighwaysandhighspeedrailsignificantlypropelledthegrowthofChina'seconomyoverthepastfewdecades,butgoingforward,IthinktheinfrastructureforAIwillsignificantlypropelthespeedofinnovation.Thatincludestheappdevelopmentplatform,deeplearningframework,generalAItechnology,andchipsdesignedspecificallyforAI.

现在,我们来谈谈基础设施。我们都知道,基础设施非常重要。在过去的几十年中,高速公路和高铁极大地推动了中国经济的增长,但展望未来,我认为人工智能基础设施将极大地推动中国经济的创新发展。其中包括应用开发平台、深度学习框架、通用人工智能技术和专为人工智能设计的芯片。

Now, let's talk about infrastructure. As we all know, infrastructure is important. In the past decades, highways and high-speed rail have greatly contributed to the growth of the Chinese economy, but looking forward to the future, I think the artificial intelligence infrastructure will greatly promote the innovative development of the Chinese economy. These include application development platforms, deep learning frameworks, universal AI technology and chips designed for AI.

AtBaidu,wehavemorethan2,000engineersworkingonourAIplatform.Thegoalistoletalltheotherdevelopers,wehavemillionsofdevelopers,todevelopallkindsofapplicationsinamoreconvenientway,afasterway,andalowercostway.

百度有超过2000名工程师正在致力于发展我们的人工智能平台。而我们的全球开发者社区有高达数百万名开发人员,我们的目标是让所有开发人员都能以更方便、更快捷的方式和更低的成本来开发各种应用程序。

Baidu has more than 2,000 engineers working on our AI platform. And with millions of developers in our global developer community, our goal is to make it easier, faster and cheaper for all developers to develop applications.

ForconversationalAI,wehaveDuerOSthat'susedforsmartspeakers,smartdisplay,oranykindofIOTdevices.ForBaiduCloud,it’soptimizedforallkindsofAIapplications.Apollo,I’vetalkedaboutit,it'sanopensourceplatformforautonomousdriving.Wenowhavemorethan175ecopartners,includingallofthemajorOEMs,Mercedes,BMW,Toyota,Ford.AndforBaiduBrainweprovideallkindsofbasicAIcapabilitiessuchasvoicerecognition,computervision,naturallanguageprocessing,andallkindsofrecommendationplatformsthatweuseformobilecontent.AndPaddlePaddleisthedeeplearningframeworkoriginatedfromChina,likeTensorFloworPyTorch.

ForconversationalAI,wehaveDuerOSthat'susedforsmartspeakers,smartdisplay,oranykindofIOTdevices.ForBaiduCloud,it'soptimizedforallkindsofAIapplications.Apollo,I'vetarkedaboutit, it's sanopensourceplatformforautonomousdriving.Wenowhavemorethan175ecopartners,includingallofthemajorOEMs,Mercedes,BMW,Toyota,Ford.AndforBaiduBrainweprovideallkindsofbasicAIcapabilitiessuchasvoicerecognition,computervision,naturallanguageprocessing,andallkindsofrecommendationplatformsthatweuseformobilecontent.AndPaddlePaddleisthedeeplearningframeworkoriginatedfromChina,likeTensorFloworPyTorch.

SoAIisabigwave,butnoteverycompany,noteveryonehasthepowertodevelopafull-fledgedcuttingedgeAItechnology.That'swhyAIplatformisveryimportantandthat'swhywe'vedevotedalotofresourcestothiskindofopensource,openplatformsothateveryonecantakeadvantageofthat.

可以说,人工智能是新兴的浪潮,但不是每个公司、每个人都有能力开发出成熟的人工智能尖端技术。这就是为什么人工智能平台非常重要、为什么我们在这种开源开放平台上投入大量资源的原因:让每个人都可以方便地从中获益。

It can be said that artificial intelligence is a new wave, but not every company, everyone has the ability to develop mature artificial intelligence cutting-edge technology. That's why artificial intelligence platforms are so important, why we invest a lot of resources in this open source open platform: so that everyone can easily benefit from it.

WeuseAItohelpfindmissingpeople.InChina,we'vealreadyfoundmorethan9,000missingpeopleusingAItechnology,prettymuchfacialrecognitiontechnology.Evenifafterapersonismissingformorethan20-years,wehadacase,aboy,hewaslostatagefourandatage25hewasidentifiedasthatmissingperson.

AndweuseAItohelpthevisuallyimpairedpeople.We'veinstalledtheBaiduXiaodusmartspeakerinalotoftheblindmassageparlors.Thosemassagetherapistswhoarevisuallyimpairedcanusevoicetocontrolairconditioning,controlthecurtains,controlalotofIoTdevices,whichmakestheirlifemucheasier.

我们还用人工智能来帮助视障人士。我们已经在很多盲人按摩院安装了百度小度智能音箱。那些患有视力障碍的按摩师可以使用语音来控制空调、窗帘等其他物联网设备,从而使他们的生活更加方便。

We also use artificial intelligence to help visually impaired people. We have installed Baidu Xiaodu Smart Speaker in many blind massage parlors. Those masseurs with vision impairments can use voice to control other Internet of things devices such as air conditioning, curtains and so make their lives more convenient.

Ialsohaveaclaim,AIwillmakeyouimmortal.Whatdoesthatmean?Itmeansthatmachinescanbecomesmarterandsmarter,canlearnfromhumans.Andtoday,storagehasbecomecheaperandcheaper,andwecanaffordtostorealotofpersonalinformation.

我曾经说过,人工智能能让人永生。这句话什么意思呢?它的意思就是,机器可以变得越来越智能,逐渐可以模拟人类。如今,数据存储设备变得越来越便宜,这让我们可以负担存储大量个人信息的成本。

I once said that artificial intelligence can make people immortal. What does that mean? It means that machines can become more and more intelligent and can gradually simulate human beings. Nowadays, data storage devices are getting cheaper, which allows us to afford the cost of storing a lot of personal information.

Forexample,Imakeaspeechhereanditisvideo-taped,itcanbestoredforalongtime.Andyourvoicecanbestored,yourvideocanbestored,yourtext,yourarticles,everythingaboutyourselfcanbedigitized.

例如,我在这里讲话,通过录制视频可以把我说过的话长期存储起来。我们的声音可以被存储,视频可以被存储,文字、文章以及关于我们自己的一切都可以用数字化的方式保存起来。

For example, I speak here, and by recording a video, I can store what I have said for a long time. Our voices can be stored, videos can be stored, words, articles, and everything about ourselves can be digitally preserved.

Andlateron,basedonthiskindofdigitalinformationorcontent,computerscanlearnhowyouthink.Soafterawhile,it'snothardtoimaginewhenTimCookwantstoevaluatewhetherAppleshouldworkonanautonomousdrivingproject,hecanactuallyaskSteveJobs,thedigitalcopyofSteveJobs,ifthat’sagoodidea.BecausethereisalotofinformationaboutSteveJobsstoredontheinternet,andcomputerscanlearnthewayJobsthinks.SothismakesJobsimmortal.Butit'snotjustJobs,anyone,anyone’sinformationcanbestored,canbelearned,andmadeavailablewhennecessary.Soinasense,AIwillmakeyouimmortal.

Andlateron,basedonthiskindofdigitalinformationorcontent,computerscanlearnhowyouthink.Soafterawhile,it'snothardtoimaginewhenTimCookwantstoevaluatewhetherAppleshouldworkonanautonomousdrivingproject,hecanactuallyaskSteveJobs,thedigitalcopyofSteveJobs,ifthat'sagoodidea.BecausethereisalotofinformationaboutSteveJobsstoredontheinternet,andcomputerscanlearnthewayJobsthinks.SothismakesJobsimmortal.Butit'snotjust Jobs, anyone, anyone'sinformationcanbestored,canbelearned,andmadeavailablewhennecessary.Soinasense,AIwillmakeyouimmortal.

以后,根据这些数字信息或内容,计算机可以模拟人类的思维方式。因此,不难想象,再过一段时间,如果蒂姆·库克(TimCook)想评估苹果是否应该开展自动驾驶项目,他就可以询问史蒂夫·乔布斯(SteveJobs),或者说经过数字化的史蒂夫·乔布斯。因为互联网上存储了大量有关史蒂夫·乔布斯的信息,所以计算机可以模拟出乔布斯的思考方式。通过这种方式,可以让乔布斯永远地活下去。不仅是乔布斯,任何人的信息都可以被存储,被计算机学习和模拟,并且在需要时进行信息输出。因此从某种意义上说,人工智能可以让人永生。

Later, according to these digital information or content, the computer can simulate the human way of thinking. So it's not hard to imagine that in a while, if Tim Cook wants to assess whether Apple should start a self-driving project, he can ask Steve Jobs, or the digitized Steve Jobs. Because a lot of information about Steve Jobs is stored on the Internet, computers can simulate the way Jobs thinks. In this way, jobs could live forever. Not only Jobs, but anyone's information can be stored, learned and simulated by the computer, and output when needed. Therefore, in a sense, artificial intelligence can make people immortal.

That'showfascinatinginnovationis,that’showfascinatingAIis.Indiaisoneofthefastest-growingsmartphonemarketsintheworld,andIndiaisalsoaverylargedevelopingcountryrightnexttoChina.We’veseenfastgrowthforbothcountriesoverthepastfewdecades.AndIthinkfornextdecade,therewillbemoreopportunitiesforus.SoweatBaiduareverymuchlookingforwardtoworkingwithIndianinstitutionstomakeabetterworldthroughinnovation.Thankyouall.

That's showfascinatinginnovationis,that'showfascinatingAIis.Indiaisoneofthefastest - growingsmartphonemarketsintheworld,andIndiaisalsoaverylargedevelopingcountryrightnexttoChina.We' veseenfastgrowthforbothcountriesoverthepastfewdecades.AndIthinkfornextdecade,therewillbemoreopportunitiesforus.SoweatBaiduareverymuchlookingforwardtoworkingwithIndianinstitutionstomakeabetterworldthroughinnovation.Thankyouall.

这就是创新的魅力所在,这就是人工智能的魅力所在。印度是全球增长最快的智能手机市场之一,也是位居中国之后的第二大发展中国家。在过去的几十年中,我们两国的经济都在快速增长。我认为在下一个十年中,我们将拥有更多的机会。因此百度非常期待能与印度的机构合作,通过创新来创造更美好的世界。谢谢各位。

This is the charm of innovation, and this is the charm of artificial intelligence. India is one of the world's fastest-growing smartphone markets and the second largest developing country after China. Over the past few decades, our economies have both grown rapidly. I think in the next decade, we will have more opportunities. So Baidu is looking forward to working with Indian institutions to create a better world through innovation. Thank you.

Robin:Wealreadyhaveapresenceinanumberofmarkets,likeJapan,Thailand,andEgypt,butourmainproduct,search,isprettymuchdomestic.WethinkintheageofAI,searchwillbeverydifferentfromwhatweseetoday.Oncewecantransformsearchintoaverydifferentproduct,wewillbereadytolaunchthatinternationally.

Robin:百度已经在一些国际市场进行了布局,譬如日本、泰国和埃及。但我们的主要产品,搜索,目前主要在中国市场发展。我想在人工智能时代,搜索将和我们今天看到的形式大不相同。一旦我们将搜索升级转化为不一样的产品,我们也就做好了在全球投放的准备。

Robin: Baidu already has layouts in international markets such as Japan, Thailand and Egypt. But our main products, search, currently mainly in the Chinese market development. I think in the age of artificial intelligence, search will be very different from the form we see today. Once we've turned the search upgrade into a different product, we're ready to launch it globally.

Host:Secondly,Baidu’ssearchenginehasbeencustommadeintheChineselanguage.CanitbeeditedsothatitcanbeusedinHindiorEnglishaswell?

ssearchenginehasbeencustommadeintheChineselanguage.CanitbeeditedsothatitcanbeusedinHindiorEnglishaswell? ssearchenginehasbeencustommadeintheChineselanguage.CanitbeeditedsothatitcanbeusedinHindiorEnglishaswell? ssearchenginehasbeencustommadeintheChineselanguage.CanitbeeditedsothatitcanbeusedinHindiorEnglishaswell?.

主持人:第二个问题是,百度搜索引擎的定制语言一直都是中文,有没有可能进行一些更改,比如增加印地语或英文搜索?

Host: The second question is, the custom language of Baidu search engine has always been Chinese, is it possible to make some changes, such as adding Hindi or English search?

Robin:ThefundamentaltechnologyIthinkisverysimilar,butlikeIsaid,it’sstillevolvingveryquickly.Inthepast,Ithinksearchtechnologyisprettymuchastatistictechnology.Today,everythingismachinelearning.Asweprogress,asAItechnologyprogresses,asnaturallanguageunderstandingtechnologyprogresses,likeItalkedaboutduringthepresentation,moreandmoreuserrequestswillbeansweredbyoneshot.Inthatcase,Ithinksearchwillbeverydifferentandthatwillcreatealotofopportunities.Inthefuture,youwillnotbeabletodistinguishbetweensearchandfeed,orsearchandrecommendation.Searchisgivingyoutherightanswerrightaway,butrecommendationwillletyouconsumealotmorecontentandletyoulearnalotmoreknowledge.Youwillhavemuchbetteraccesstoalotofnewknowledge.

Robin:ThefundamentaltechnologyIthinkisverysimilar,butlikeIsaid,it'sstillevolvingveryquickly.Inthepast,Ithinksearchtechnologyisprettymuchastatistictechnology.Today,everythingismachinelearning.Asweprogress,asAItechnologyprogresses,asnaturallanguageunderstandingtechnologyprogresses,likeItalkedaboutduringthepresentation,moreandmoreuserrequestswillbeansweredbyoneshot.Inthatcase,Ithinksearchwillbeverydifferentandthatwillcreatealotofopportunities.Inthefuture,youwillnotbeabletodistinguishbetweensearchandfeed,orsearchandrecommendation.Searchisgivingyoutherightanswerrightaway, butrecommendationwillletyouconsumealotmorecontentandletyoulearnalotmoreknowledge.Youwillhavemuchbetteraccesstoalotofnewknowledge.

Robin:我觉得基础技术都非常类似,但就像我刚才讲到的,搜索技术的发展日新月异。以前,搜索技术在我看来基本上就是一种统计技术。但在今天,所有的一切都是机器学习。随着人类的进步,人工智能技术以及自然语言处理技术的发展,越来越多的用户需求会一下子就得到满足。因此,我觉得搜索将会非常不同,会带来很多的机遇。未来,可能将无法区分搜索与信息流之间的区别,或者说搜索与内容推荐之间的区别。搜索是立刻给你需要的正确答案,但推荐将会使你获取更多的内容,学习到更多的知识。你也因此得以有机会接触到更多的新知识。

Robin: I think the basic technologies are very similar, but as I just said, search technology is changing with each passing day. Previously, search technology was basically a statistical technology in my opinion. But today, everything is machine learning. With the development of human, artificial intelligence and natural language processing, more and more users'needs will be met at once. Therefore, I think the search will be very different, will bring a lot of opportunities. In the future, it may not be possible to distinguish between search and information flow, or between search and content recommendation. Searching is the right answer you need immediately, but recommendations will enable you to get more content and learn more. You also have access to new knowledge.

Host:Finally,whatwouldbeyourmessagetoalltheseIndianentrepreneurswhoaspiretomakeabidinthetechnologyworld?

Robin:I’mveryhappytoseeyouallhereonaSaturdayafternoon,IthinkyouareverytalentedandIndiaisaverylargemarket.Weareveryfortunatetoliveinanagefullofinnovationopportunities,especiallyintheareaofartificialintelligence.Ithinkonceyougetintothisfield,focusonthingsthatyouarefamiliarwith,focusonthingsthatyoureallylove,youwillbeabletofindgreatopportunities.

Robin: mveryhappytoseeyouallhereonaSaturdayafternoon,IthinkyouareverytalentedandIndiaisaverylargemarket.Weareveryfortunatetoliveinanagefullofinnovationopportunities,especiallyintheareaofartificialintelligence.Ithinkonceyougetintothisfield,focusonthingsthatyouarefamiliarwith,focusonthingsthatyoureallylove,youwillbeabletofindgreatopportunities.

Robin:非常高兴在这样一个周六的下午与大家相聚。我觉得大家都非常有才华,同时,印度也是一个巨大的市场。非常幸运的是,我们生活在一个充满了各种创新机会的时代,尤其是在人工智能领域。一旦你跨进这个领域,专注于自己熟悉的东西,投入到自己真心热爱的事情上,你一定可以找到非常好的机会。

Robin: I'm very glad to be here on such a Saturday afternoon. I think everyone is very talented, and at the same time, India is a huge market. Fortunately, we live in an age of all kinds of innovative opportunities, especially in the field of artificial intelligence. Once you step into the field, focus on what you're familiar with, and focus on what you really love, you'll find great opportunities.


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